Putao is situated at the same latitude as Kathmandu. During the British time, Putao was also known as Fort Hertz for its military base. It is the last city in the north of Kachin State. Most of the population in this area is Kachin: Rawang and Lisu. Bamar and Shan are only small groups. The best part of the year to visit Putao is from October to March when the temperature is not freezing and not wet by monsoon. Putao’s climate is humid subtropical climate. You can do trekking in a wide range of distance outside the town. Your trekking will allow you to experience the wonderful nature and tribal construction of narrow footpaths and bamboo bridges over the small stream falling from the hillsides all the way in the valley of several meters depth. As it is also close to the highest snow-capped mountain in Myanmar, Hkakabo Razi which has the height of 5,881meters (19,295 feet), it is not far from the Assam border either. It is due north of Myitkyina in Kachin State. It is used as a base to hike up to Hkakabo Razi. You can fly to Putao. To the west of Putao, there is an ethnic group called Hta Lone and they are not taller than four feet. The population of this ethnic minority is so few that they are becoming extinct. It requires travel permit from the government through MTT (Myanmar Travels and Tours). Few tourists have been to Putao, yet it is becoming an interesting tourist destination for eco-travelers for it is famous for the different species of fauna and flora. The following townships are in Putao District which has the area of 30862 sq m (11916 sq ml) and it is 409 m (1342 ft) above sea level: Kawnglanghpu Township, Machanbaw Township, Nogmung Township, Putao Township, Sumprabum Township.
Sixteen kilometers (ten miles) outside of Putao is Machanbaw Township. Putao is also a base for the trekking through tribal villages and go up to the mountains lie in this area. Hill tribe people come down to town to trade and sell goods at the market and it is very interesting to watch these people in their traditional clothes and the way they handle their commodities. The place is untouched by the outside world and still it is all for yourself when you visit soon enough before it is really open to all without restriction.
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