Mandalay is the largest city in upper Myanmar in terms of population and commercial activities. The ancient capital of Mandalay was founded by King Mindon in 1856. The British took over Upper Myanmar in 1884 and Mandalay fell into the hands of the British that means the whole Burma fell under the British’s rule. Mandalay capital was moved to Yangon (Rangoon). Consequently, our Kingdom ended, and the last king Thibaw was exiled to India with his family. During the World War II, the king’s palace was hit by a bomb and burnt down completely. Today the government had a replica built on the same spot on which the original one stood. Mandalay is well known for the teaching of the Buddha, and famous for its various kinds of handicraft. The Mahamuni Buddha statue, the Biggest Book in the World Pagoda, and the Monastery of Shwe Kyaung are the highlights among many other points of interest.
Mandalay is also famous for the Trading from China border and India as it is accessible to the border towns to China in the East and North East, India in the West and North West, and Thailand in the East. The historical importance can also be found in the vicinity of Mandalay. Inwa was the capital of Myanmar for almost 400 years. After Inwa, Amarapura became the capital of the second Myanmar Empire. Mingun did not have political power but it had religious significance. Mingun Temple is known as the biggest unfinished temple in brick in the world, and it is associated with the biggest ringing bronze bell in the world known as Mingun Bell. Mingun is also proud to have the temple Mya Theindan or the Taj Maha of Myanmar as the great construction of the pagoda sanctuary, the master piece of King Bagyidaw is dedicated to his deceased beloved wife. Mingun trip provides 14 km-boat ride that goes north from Mandalay and comes back south to Mandalay on the Ayeyarwaddy River. Amarapura, Inwa, and Sagaing are the ancient capitals and are also main tourist attractions in the vicinity of Mandalay area.
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